Good company in a journey makes the way seem shorter. — Izaak Walton
The Borderlands of Southeast Arizona are unique on the American landscape. Most of the residents here live in small to medium sized communities, though some prefer the larger cities of Tucson or Phoenix.
In the early days of Southeast Arizona, before the the Gadsden Purchase or Treaty, the inhabitants were the Apache and Tohono O’odham Indian tribes. The largest of the two, Tohono O’odham, have lived on the same land for hundreds of years, straddling what is now both the United States and Mexico side of the border. Sadly, the border has severed their ancestral lands in two, leaving many of the tribal members stranded in Mexico with scant resources such as adequate medical care, arable land, and equally important, good quality water sources. But even before the two tribes mentioned, there were others living on the land.
Native Americas inhabited the area that is now Arizona many thousands of years before Europeans came to the region. The earliest settlements were those of the Hohokam, Anasazi, and Mogollon. The Cochise people lived in this region from about 5,000 years ago to the early part of the first century.
The first European to arrive in Arizona was Spanish priest Marcos de Niza in 1539. He was followed by explorers looking for gold as well as more priests looking to establish missions. Eventually the Spanish began to build permanent settlements including Tubac in 1752 and Tucson in 1775. becoming Part of the United States.